ICICI Financial institution: Lengthy-term compounding potential intact (NYSE:IBN)


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ICICI Financial institution (NYSE: IBN), India’s second largest financial institution once more delivered a formidable set of quarterly outcomes, led by +22% YoY core pre-provision working revenue (PPOP) progress on continued momentum in mortgage progress and web payment earnings. ~Rs4bn web Slippage was one other main spotlight, reflecting favorable generalized credit score price tendencies. With its asset high quality intact and enhancing visibility of earnings progress going ahead, I see a transparent path for the financial institution to keep up sturdy ROE within the coming years. As ICICI leverages its extensive distribution franchise and best-in-class digital infrastructure to additional its progress runway together with a greater post-COVID background, valuations relative to main peer Kotak Mahindra The distinction needs to be much less.

2023e P/E 2024e P/E
ICICI Financial institution 19.7x 16.9x
Kotakbank 27.0x 23.2x

Supply: Market information as on 3 August 2022

Core Working Metrics Outspace Expectations

ICICI once more reported a powerful quarter, led by web curiosity earnings progress of ~21% year-on-year and robust web payment earnings progress of ~32% year-on-year. Though this was partially offset by greater working bills, margin expanded at a wholesome ~9bps tempo on a sequential foundation. For context, the elevated OPEX was pushed by a ~20% year-on-year improve in worker spending – this was largely because of the passing of the honest worth impact of the corporate’s inventory choices, nevertheless, I see this as a one-time impact. . In the meantime, the cost-earnings ratio (ex-Treasury) was up a strong ~42% – ~140 bps sequentially, however nicely beneath the pre-COVID stage of ~45%. Consequently, PPOP stood at ~19% YoY, beating HDFC Financial institution’s ~15% YoY progress throughout the identical interval. Assuming that the cost-income ratio stays at 41-42%, working leverage is anticipated to stay excessive, benefiting the medium-term PPOP progress runway.

Q1 2023 Results Overview

ICICI Financial institution

Based mostly on sturdy Q1 2023 outcomes, the near-term business outlook appears to be like brilliant – this quarter’s strong margin enlargement displays the advance seen at Kotak Financial institution, regardless of the return advantages of fee hikes, but totally P&L. has not flowed by. Provided that ICICI has the very best deposit franchise in India in addition to a excessive floating fee construction in its portfolio, the financial institution is nicely positioned to extend margins much more. Having delivered ~20% PPOP CAGR lately, I see no motive why ICICI wouldn’t be capable of ship high-teens% core PPOP by 2025 within the base case state of affairs. What might be vital right here would be the administration’s potential to deal with any aggressive pressures in mortgage and different shopper retail merchandise because of the upcoming repo fee hikes.

Lending enterprise continues spectacular progress momentum

ICICI’s dwelling mortgage progress is clearly heading in the right direction – mortgages had been up 22% y-o-y, whereas SME/enterprise banking gained ~35% y-o-y from share positive aspects. The fast progress in unsecured loans at 40-60% p.a. contributed to the remaining year-on-year progress, resulting in a powerful ~32% p.a. base payment improve. Extra importantly, ICICI has achieved this progress with out compromising on its mortgage e book construction – the financial institution has gained share in playing cards and mortgages, however its market share in SMEs, rural and company sectors is 4%-5%. However comparatively much less. General, advances had been up ~21% YoY within the quarter (one other consecutive quarter of sturdy credit score progress), though the sequential credit score progress of 4.3% QoQ was significantly spectacular, because it was the best for Q1 for the reason that 2013 fiscal yr. was extra. The outlook for loans additionally appears to be like brilliant – the economic system is opening up post-COVID, which implies ICICI ought to profit from potential untapped progress alternatives from manufacturing linked incentive (PLI) schemes together with enhancements in revolvers.

One other main spotlight of ICICI’s consequence was the growing traction in digital channels, which helped speed up the tempo of disbursements – per administration, digital contribution to ~94% private mortgage disbursement, ~98% bank card sourcing, and ~33% mortgage Mortgage . The digital issue might be essential at a time when HDFC Financial institution is getting more and more aggressive after the lifting of RBI’s ban on new card issuance. To date, ICICI has misplaced some market share YTD, particularly in bank card spends, however with its sturdy digital capabilities, ICICI has the potential to realize market share and outperform on credit score progress within the medium time period.

ICICI Bank Loan Growth Overview

ICICI Financial institution

Asset High quality Enchancment Helps Double-Digit ROE Outlook

Gross Non-Performing Loans (GNPLs) are trending favourably, reaching 3.6% of loans (down ~20 bps sequentially) at a powerful ~16% restoration fee (of GNPL opening) – for comparability, ICICI The GNPL has typically seen a development of 10% and 13% in latest quarters. The non-NPL harassed portfolio additionally improved by ~50 bps to 2.2%, helped by a discount within the restructured portfolio in addition to enchancment within the sub-BB e book. It’s no shock that the online decline beat expectations by Rs 4 billion regardless of mounting stress from agriculture, bringing the general core credit score price to near-zero ranges.

ICICI Bank Portfolio Rating

ICICI Financial institution

In the meantime, ~11 billion has been added to the contingency fund (now ~1% of loans), taking the general provision protection ratio on harassed/restructured loans to over 74.3% (as much as ~640 bps). This implies ICICI’s provision protection is catching up with HDFC Financial institution (HDB), regardless of its greater protected combine – for context, HDB noticed its protection ratio improve by ~670 bps to 84% throughout the identical interval. In flip, this provides ICICI higher flexibility in potential macro turbulence, supporting its mid-term ROE stability and high-teens% core PPOP progress runway.

Long run compounding potential intact

With one other sturdy quarter within the bag, improved efficiency on NIMs and core PPOP progress on the again of an enhancing web curiosity/payment earnings outlook, ICICI is about to increase its lead throughout the Indian banking business. The financial institution has additionally seen energy in its asset high quality (in keeping with the sector), emphasizing that any COVID overhang is prone to be behind us. Thus, the uptrend within the close to time period will hinge on NIM and Present Account/Financial savings Account (CASA) tendencies, inserting ICICI within the pole place contemplating its best-in-class deposit franchise within the backdrop of rising charges. Valuation clever, the inventory presents a horny worth to Kotak on the present low cost, particularly given ICICI’s bodily progress and enchancment in profitability relative to historic ranges.



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